What is breast reconstruction surgery? January 25, 2023 Sometimes cancer requires that breast tissue be removed. Afterwards, breast reconstruction may be an option to restore the chest. After healing from a cancer operation, a woman has an option at any point after that to decide to undergo breast reconstruction surgery. Breast reconstruction may begin immediately following a mastectomy or lumpectomy or can be done months to years later, with the goal of recreating the breast mound and restores it to your desired size and shape. In breast reconstruction, there are three categories: are implants, tissue-based reconstruction, and a combination both of implants and tissue.